Ethiopia’s deadly Oromo — Somali crisis must end: The deadly crisis according to government figures led to death of 50 people and displacement of over 50, others. The cause of the clashes has been pinned on a battle for resource control between the Somalis who are predominantly pastoralists and Oromos who are mainly farmers. Another issue underlying the tensions has to do with a border referendum between Oromia and Somali regional states dating years back. The results which largely favours the Oromia State has yet to be fully implemented. Ilhan made history in November when she was voted the first Somali-American legislator. She was subsequently sworn into office as a Member of the House of Representatives to serve the people of Minnesota. She is a policy analyst, coalition builder and community educator.
Oromo Liberation Front: Wikis
The country’s population was approximately 74 million. On September 5, the government certified the results of the May 15 national parliamentary elections, in which the EPRDF won a third consecutive five-year term. Domestic and international observers reported that polling throughout the country was generally credible, although irregularities and intimidation of voters and election observers marred polling in many areas.
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Victims include politicians, students, singers and civil servants, sometimes only for wearing Oromo traditional dress, or for holding influential positions within the community, the London-based advocacy group said in a report today. Most people were detained without charge, some for years, with many tortured and dozens killed, it said. Most of the ethnic group lives in the central Oromia Regional State, which surrounds Addis Ababa, the capital.
Muslims demonstrating about alleged government interference in religious affairs were also detained in and , Amnesty said in the report, titled: Senior Oromo politicians Bekele Gerba and Olbana Lelisa were jailed in for working with the group, which was classified as a terrorist organization by lawmakers in More than 40 telephone and e-mail conversations were also conducted with people in Ethiopia, it said. Some interviewees said they fled the country because of conditions placed on them when released, such as being told to avoid activism, meeting in small groups, or associating with relatives who were political dissenters, the report said.
Amnesty has been banned from Ethiopia since when its staff was deported. To contact the reporter on this story: William Davison in Addis Ababa at wdavison3 bloomberg.
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Business hours vary according to the nature of the business. Normally government offices and most other office hours are from 8: Working hours on Friday are 8:
Oromo dating. likes. Fuula Oromoonni qofti bilisaan irratti yaada ofii ibsataa tokkummaa cimsan. Isinillee Like gochuudhaan irratti hirmaadhaa.
The country is agrarian and the economy depends on subsistence agriculture. In recent years, crops have been poor because of drought. Approximately 85 percent of the population lives in rural areas. The settled population is scattered, making delivery of health and social services difficult. History and Politics Ethiopia traces its history as a country back 3, years and is the only African country that has never been colonized.
In the mid ‘s, the government of Haile Selassie was overthrown and a repressive regime was established. Recent years have seen internal wars for liberation and ethnic conflicts. Many families left the country as refugees. Language The population includes many ethnic groups with nearly 80 languages and approximately dialects.
Major groups include the Amhara, Oromo and Tigre. Naming in Ethiopia, in general, is different from naming in the US.
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December 5, at 5: Somalis are about half made up of these very ancient Egyptian people. These people moved southwards into Ethiopia, then Somalia. Then, some new people from the Arabian peninsula moved into East Africa a few thousand years ago, more in Ethiopia, but still a lot in Somalia.
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Ideological base Flag of the Oromo Liberation Front. The fundamental objective of the Oromo liberation movement is to exercise the Oromo peoples’ right to national self-determination and end centuries of oppression and exploitation. While self-determination for the Oromo people has been the main objective of OLF, the members and leaders of the party have not formed a consensus whether the exercising of self determination by the Oromo people will be in the form of an independent Oromia, or as part of a democratic Ethiopia.
But recently, it has taken a clear stance by stating that its goals is to form, if possible, a political union with other nations on the basis of equality, respect for mutual interests and the principle of voluntary associations. OLF had played a major role in the formation of the Transitional Government in following the fall of the Derg regime. However, OLF left the transitional government, alleging that its members were being intimidated, jailed, and killed in many part of Oromia.
History of Ethiopia
The national flag is a tricolor of green, yellow, and red horizontal stripes with a blue disk and a yellow outlined star and rays in the center. Traditional “Ityopia, Ityopia” is in use at the present time. A new anthem will be designated in the near future. The birr b is a paper currency of cents. There are coins of 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents, and notes of 1, 5, 10, 50, and birr.
Afaan Oromo ‘Oromo (language)’, Afaan Oromootiin ‘in Oromo’-dhaan following a long vowel; yeroo ‘time’, yeroodhaan ‘on time’ the oldest evidence of burial customs in the Horn of Africa comes from cemeteries in Somalia dating back to the 4th millennium BCE
Oduu Why Ethiopia is on war footing The history of Somalia and Ethiopia is marred by distrust, animosity and war. Suspicion of neighbouring expansionism and political extremism is deeply rooted in both states. By Mohammed Adow BBC News Reports that Ethiopian troops have crossed Somalia’s border and setup camp in Baidoa, home to the weak Somali transitional government, will not surprise seasoned observers of the often stormy relationship between the Horn of Africa rivals.
Ethiopia has often seen Somalia as a territory from where attacks against it could be launched. This fear became even more real after Somalia descended into anarchy 15 years ago and the country was divided into armed fiefdoms controlled and ruled by warlords. Rebel fears As Somalia has had no central authority, Ethiopia has often driven its forces into Somali territory – ostensibly to protect itself as well as to support friendly warlords.
For Ethiopia, its long and porous border with Somalia allows possible militant elements to take advantage of its neighbour’s lawlessness.
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The name “Ethiopia” derives from the Greek ethio , meaning “burned” and pia , meaning “face”: Aeschylus described Ethiopia as a “land far off, a nation of black men. These conceptions of Ethiopia were geographically vague. In the late nineteenth century, Emperor Menelik II expanded the country’s borders to their present configuration.
The Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) is a political organization established in by Oromo nationalists to lead the national liberation struggle of the Oromo people against the Abyssinian colonial rule.
Week , Calendar epoch , Month , Lunisolar calendar , and Computus The course of the Sun and the Moon are the most evident forms of timekeeping , and the year and lunation were most commonly used in pre-modern societies worldwide as time units. Nevertheless, the Roman calendar contained very ancient remnants of a pre-Etruscan month solar year.
A large number of calendar systems which were based on the Babylonian calendar , and which were found in the Ancient Near East, date from the Iron Age. Amongst such calendar systems was the calendar system of the Persian Empire, which in turn gave rise to the Zoroastrian calendar as well as the Hebrew calendar. A great number of Hellenic calendars developed in Classical Greece , and with the Hellenistic period also influenced calendars outside of the immediate sphere of Greek influence, giving rise to the various Hindu calendars as well as to the ancient Roman calendar.
Calendars in antiquity were lunisolar , depending on the introduction of intercalary months to align the solar and the lunar years. This was mostly based on observation, but there may have been early attempts to model the pattern of intercalation algorithmically, as evidenced in the fragmentary 2nd-century Coligny calendar.
This inheritance goes towards forming our identities as people, communities and nations. Oromo cultural heritage, then, is far broader than the material objects that are preserved from the past. For some, the positive aspects of our past are embellished for heritage purposes. In making value-based decisions about what is worth preserving for future generations, heritage practitioners are involved in a filtering process.
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Ethiopia borders six countries in total: The differences in altitude around the country results in variable temperature conditions, and a rainy season that spans the majority of the area between June and August. The land, however, is vulnerable to droughts mostly in pastoral regions during other times of the year — a problem which first began in and has persisted on a seasonal basis. Ethiopia on the Map http: Interestingly, the country is comprised of a mostly young population, with a median age for both males and females of 17 years old.
In addition, Oromo and Amharic are the most common spoken languages. Coffee is a integral export crop in the region, however, seasonal droughts and substandard cultivation methods threaten economic growth from agriculture . More recently, the government has prompted growth in the manufacturing, textiles and energy sectors to bolster the economy in addition to agriculture . With the majority of its political history being monarchical, it has existed for over 2, years, dating back to the first century B.
Coptic Christianity was introduced by the Egyptians during the fourth century, and by the 15th century, Muslim leader Ahmad Gran had conquered the majority of Ethiopia. After a series of power shifts throughout much of the 19th century, Emperor Menelik II took control and led the country through a Italian invasion. The Ethiopian army defeated the Italians, allowing the country to be recognized as an independent state .
Gebre Mesqel Lalibela , the Zagwe dynasty King credited with having constructed the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela. About presumably c. According to legends, during the execution of the royals, an infant heir of the Axumite monarch was carted off by some faithful adherents and conveyed to Shewa , where his authority was acknowledged.
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Although it is highly variable in each tribe. According to Tishkoff et al. The Tanzanian Iraqw people are remnants of the original Cushitic population which used to inhabit these lands before the Bantus from West Africa and Nilo-Saharans from South Sudan arrived. Interestingly, the Ethiopian samples completely lack West African admixture.
Allow me to give you a brief background on the demographic history of Ethiopia. In recent history, many Ethiopians, particularly those who now speak the Amharic language, underwent a language shift in the case of Amharas, a switch from Cushitic to Semitic. There are several explanations for this.
Subscribe to our Question of the Week: The first is that we must separate from the world’s view on dating because God’s way contradicts the world’s 2 Peter 2: We should find out if the person has been born again in the Spirit of Christ John 3: The ultimate goal of dating or courting is finding a life partner.
The University of Maine will undergo a comprehensive evaluation visit from March April 3, by a team representing the Commission on Institutions of Higher Education of the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE; formerly NEASC).
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